Doing business in Italy has never been easier. Although the desire to start his own business does not miss, so many good projects get stuck in front of the bureaucratic barriers that discourage would-be entrepreneurs.
But it is not the same everywhere: there are provinces where there are more favorable conditions. This is the case of Ravenna, Reggio Emilia and Prato, where the government is 'friend' of companies. Instead, in Catanzaro, Rome and Campobasso you register the more difficult environment for raising a company.
The list was compiled by the Office of Confartigianato studies that, for each province, measured the quality of public services - such as, for example, the ability to make payments on line - you need to start and run a business.
And so Ravenna, Reggio Emilia and Prato are earning the top three spots for the most suitable context for productive activities. At the other end of the table, the capital of Calabria, the capital city and the capital of the Molise reveal the provinces with the greater weight of bureaucracy imposed on companies.
The examples 'virtuous' detected by Confartigianato do not negate concerns about the overall cost of the bureaucracy imposed on enterprises. According to the Office of Confartigianato studies the companies in the manufacturing, construction and services 'burn' 16.629 billion euro per year, equal to about one percentage point of GDP, equivalent to an average cost per farm of € 12,334. And the largest share of these costs, amounting to 76.3%, is the responsibility of microenterprises with fewer than ten employees.
Italy in World
All this condemnation Italy the second lowest among the 30 economies for ease of doing business. Only Greece is worse off than us.
In the global rankings, our country occupies the 78th position. The worst performances of Italy are found for the judicial resolution of commercial disputes (156th place), followed by times of payment of taxes and contributions (136 th place), from recruitment staff (99th place), the transfer of a property (98 th place), access to credit (87 th place) and the granting of building permits (85 th place).
As regards the timing of starting a new business, our country ranks 75th place in the world. The location for the start-up of business is back as part of the advanced economies: Italy ranks 21 th among the 27 OECD economies.
Start a business
And just on the start of business, Confartigianato puts hopes for the reform contained in the budget law which provides for the reporting of Certified Home Activity. The so-called SCIA should improve the results obtained from the Single Communication (ComUnica), compliance with which, from April 1 this year, replacing the previous four procedures necessary for entry to the Register of Companies, Inland Revenue, INPS and INAIL.
The road ahead is still long: it shows a survey conducted by Confartigianato in 2010 and which led to identify the minimum procedures required to start a business in the areas of Artisan Gelato, hairdressing and Construction , specializing in the recovery of aggregates.
The analysis carried out on the golf Confartigianato highlights the still high number of practices to manage start-up phase and the still insufficient use by the Public Administrations of online technologies: in the three sectors examined remain outside the scope of ComUnica 14 of the 16 procedures required to start the business. Of these 13 are very costly paper-based processes and only 1 benefit of a procedure online. For 5 proceedings requires the express authorization of the Public Administration.
In detail, the survey highlights that Confartigianato for the opening of an activity as a hairdresser are needed - in the more complex case - 23 cases, of which only 2 are within the ComUnica. Remain excluded from the simplified procedure for registration only in the Companies Register, Register of Craftsmen, Inland Revenue, INAIL and INPS other 21 cases, 19 of which is due to only the paper-based procedure while only 2 is scheduled for the online procedure. In 4 cases, a express authorization of the Public Administration.
For the launch of an ice cream shop processes detected are 14, of which 12 are outside the scope of ComUnica. For the Gelateria none of the other processes can be managed online.
Similar conditions are found for a construction company specializing in the recovery of the aggregates: the start-up requires 11 tasks: 9 remain outside the scope of ComUnica, none of which can be managed online. In this area, go up to 6 procedures that require the express authorization of the Public Administration.
Translated via software
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